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Anderson 2015 Obesity (Silver Spring)

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Anderson AS, Haynie KR, McMillan RP, Osterberg KL, Boutagy NE, Frisard MI, Davy BM, Davy KP, Hulver MW (2015) Early skeletal muscle adaptations to short-term high-fat diet in humans before changes in insulin sensitivity. Obesity (Silver Spring) 23:720-4.

Β» PMID:25820254

Anderson AS, Haynie KR, McMillan RP, Osterberg KL, Boutagy NE, Frisard MI, Davy BM, Davy KP, Hulver MW (2015) Obesity (Silver Spring)

Abstract: The purpose of this investigation was to understand the metabolic adaptations to a short-term (5 days), isocaloric, high-fat diet (HFD) in healthy, young males.

Two studies were undertaken with 12 subjects. Study 1 investigated the effect of the HFD on skeletal muscle substrate metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Study 2 assessed the metabolic and transcriptional responses in skeletal muscle to the transition from a fasted to fed state using a high-fat meal challenge before and after 5 days of the HFD.

Study 1 showed no effect of a HFD on skeletal muscle metabolism or insulin sensitivity in fasting samples. Study 2 showed that a HFD elicits significant increases in fasting serum endotoxin and disrupts the normal postprandial excursions of serum endotoxin, as well as metabolic and transcriptional responses in skeletal muscle. These effects after 5 days of the HFD were accompanied by an altered fasting and postprandial response in the ratio of phosphorylated- to total-p38 protein. These changes all occurred in the absence of alterations in insulin sensitivity.

Our findings provide evidence for early biological adaptations to high-fat feeding that proceed and possibly lead to insulin resistance.


Labels: MiParea: Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style 


Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Homogenate