Balmaceda 2024 Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis

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Balmaceda V, Komlodi T, Szibor M, Gnaiger E, Moore AL, Fernandez-Vizarra E, Viscomi C (2024) The striking differences in the bioenergetics of brain and liver mitochondria are enhanced in mitochondrial disease. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 1870:167033.

Β» PMID: 38280294 Bioblast link

Balmaceda Valeria, Komlodi Timea, Szibor Marten, Gnaiger Erich, Moore Anthony L, Fernandez-Vizarra Erika, Viscomi Carlo (2024) Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis

Abstract: Mitochondrial disorders are hallmarked by the dysfunction of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) yet are highly heterogeneous at the clinical and genetic levels. Striking tissue-specific pathological manifestations are a poorly understood feature of these conditions, even if the disease-causing genes are ubiquitously expressed. To investigate the functional basis of this phenomenon, we analyzed several OXPHOS-related bioenergetic parameters, including oxygen consumption rates, electron transfer system (ETS)-related coenzyme Q (mtCoQ) redox state and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mouse brain and liver mitochondria fueled by different substrates. In addition, we determined how these functional parameters are affected by ETS impairment in a tissue-specific manner using pathologically relevant mouse models lacking either Ndufs4 or Ttc19, leading to Complex I (CI) or Complex III (CIII) deficiency, respectively. Detailed OXPHOS analysis revealed striking differences between brain and liver mitochondria in the capacity of the different metabolic substrates to fuel the ETS, reduce the ETS-related mtCoQ, and to induce ROS production. In addition, ETS deficiency due to either CI or CIII dysfunction had a much greater impact on the intrinsic bioenergetic parameters of brain compared with liver mitochondria. These findings are discussed in terms of the still rather mysterious tissue-specific manifestations of mitochondrial disease.

β€’ Bioblast editor: Gnaiger E β€’ O2k-Network Lab: AT Innsbruck Oroboros, UK Brighton Moore AL, DE Jena Szibor M, IT Padova Viscomi C

Labels: MiParea: Respiration 

Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS  Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Nervous system, Liver  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria  Enzyme: Complex I, Complex III  Regulation: Redox state, Q-junction effect  Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, NS  HRR: Oxygraph-2k, O2k-Fluorometer, NextGen-O2k 

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