Kuffner 2020 Cells

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Kuffner K, Triebelhorn J, Meindl K, Benner C, Manook A, Sudria-Lopez D, Siebert R, Nothdurfter C, Baghai TC, Drexler K, Berneburg M, Rupprecht R, Milenkovic VM, Wetzel CH (2020) Major depressive disorder is associated with impaired mitochondrial function in skin fibroblasts. Cells 9:884. doi: 10.3390/cells9040884

» PMID: 32260327 Open Access

Kuffner K, Triebelhorn J, Meindl K, Benner C, Manook A, Sudria-Lopez D, Siebert R, Nothdurfter C, Baghai TC, Drexler K, Berneburg M, Rupprecht R, Milenkovic VM, Wetzel CH (2020) Cells

Abstract: Mitochondrial malfunction is supposed to be involved in the etiology and pathology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Here, we aimed to identify and characterize the molecular pathomechanisms related to mitochondrial dysfunction in adult human skin fibroblasts, which were derived from MDD patients or non-depressive control subjects. We found that MDD fibroblasts showed significantly impaired mitochondrial functioning: basal and maximal respiration, spare respiratory capacity, non-mitochondrial respiration and adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-related oxygen consumption was lower. Moreover, MDD fibroblasts harbor lower ATP levels and showed hyperpolarized mitochondrial membrane potential. To investigate cellular resilience, we challenged both groups of fibroblasts with hormonal (dexamethasone) or metabolic (galactose) stress for one week, and found that both stressors increased oxygen consumption but lowered ATP content in MDD as well as in non-depressive control fibroblasts. Interestingly, the bioenergetic differences between fibroblasts from MDD or non-depressed subjects, which were observed under non-treated conditions, could not be detected after stress. Our findings support the hypothesis that altered mitochondrial function causes a bioenergetic imbalance, which is associated with the molecular pathophysiology of MDD. The observed alterations in the oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS) and other mitochondria-related properties represent a basis for further investigations of pathophysiological mechanisms and might open new ways to gain insight into antidepressant signaling pathways.

Keywords: adenosine triphosphate, bioenergetics, calcium imaging, major depression, mitochondria, mitochondrial DNA copy number, mitochondrial membrane potential, oxidative phosphorylation, skin fibroblasts Bioblast editor: Gnaiger E

Units

18.53 ± 0.95 and 37.01 ± 2.4 “pmol/min/1000 cells” for ROUTINE respiration and ET capacity, respectively, in skin fibroblasts derived from young healthy control persons converts to 309 and 617 amol·s-1·x-1.

Cited by

Gnaiger E (2021) Bioenergetic cluster analysis – mitochondrial respiratory control in human fibroblasts. MitoFit Preprints 2021.8.


Gnaiger E (2021) Bioenergetic cluster analysis – mitochondrial respiratory control in human fibroblasts. MitoFit Preprints 2021.8. - »Bioblast link«


Labels: MiParea: Respiration  Pathology: Other 

Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Fibroblast  Preparation: Intact cells 


Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, ET  Pathway: ROX 


MitoFit 2021 BCA