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Shabalina 2013 Abstract IOC79

From Bioblast
Shabalina IG (2013) Enhanced Complex I but low Complex II substrate-derived ROS production rates in mice, prematurely aging due to enhanced mitochondrial DNA mutation rate. Mitochondr Physiol Network 18.07


Shabalina IG, Edgar D, Gibanova N, Cannon B, Nedergaard J (2013)

Event: IOC79

Irina G Shabalina

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production are implicated in mitochondrial disease and in the aging process. The mode of ROS production and defence against ROS are here examined in mice accumulating a high level of mtDNA mutations, the mtDNA mutator mice. We analysed ROS production in parallel to content of mitochondrial proteins, level of membrane potential, oxidative phosphorylation, proton leak kinetics and spontaneous and Ca2+-inducible permeabilisation in isolated mitochondria from heart, liver and skeletal muscle of mtDNA mutator mice. We used Complex I and Complex II substrates to examine both forward and reverse electron transports, and respiratory chain inhibitors to determine the sites and mode of ROS production. In isolated mitochondria from mtDNA mutator mice ROS production from reverse electron transport was dramatically decreased whereas ROS production from forward electron transport was increased in isolated mitochondria from mtDNA mutator mice. This pattern of ROS production was associated with low membrane potential and low level of subunits of Complex I and IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. When liver or kidney homogenates were exposed to ambient oxygen pressure, formation of lipid peroxidation products was increased in mtDNA mutator mice. Liver tissue lysate also had high level of protein carbonyls and 4-HNE adducts. Thus, low ROS production under reverse electron flow conditions does not correlate with oxidative damage and may not be of physiological relevance, whereas an increased ROS production from forward electron transport may underlay the manifestations of premature aging observed in the mtDNA mutator mice.

β€’ Keywords: mitochondria, heart liver and skeletal muscle, mtDNA mutation, mitochondrial ROS production, membrane potential

Labels: MiParea: mtDNA;mt-genetics, Genetic knockout;overexpression  Pathology: Aging;senescence  Stress:Oxidative stress;RONS  Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Heart, Skeletal muscle, Liver  Preparation: Isolated mitochondria  Enzyme: Complex I, Complex II;succinate dehydrogenase, Complex III, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase  Regulation: Inhibitor, mt-Membrane potential  Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, S, NS 

The Wenner-Gren Institute, The Arrhenius Laboratories F3, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden