Mishin 2010 Free Radical Biol Med
|Mishin V, Gray JP, Heck DE, Laskin DL, Laskin JD (2010) Application of Amplex red/horseradish peroxidase assay to measure hydrogen peroxide production by recombinant microsomal enzymes. Free Radic Biol Med 48:1485-91.|
Abstract: The formation of reactive oxygen species by the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system is thought to be due to autoxidation of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and the nonproductive decay of oxygen-bound cytochrome P450 intermediates. To characterize this process in recombinant microsomal enzymes, we used a highly sensitive hydrogen peroxide assay based on Amplex red oxidation. This assay is 20 times more sensitive (LLD=5.0pmol/assay and LLQ=30pmol/assay) than the standard ferrous thiocyanate assay for detection of hydrogen peroxide. We found low, but detectable, spontaneous generation of hydrogen peroxide by recombinant human NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase complexes (0.09nmol hydrogen peroxide/min/100Units of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase). Significantly higher rates of hydrogen peroxide production were observed when recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes were coexpressed with NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (0.31nmol of hydrogen peroxide/min/100Units of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase). This was independent of the addition of any exogenous cytochrome P450 substrates. These data demonstrate that cytochrome P450s are a major source of hydrogen peroxide in the recombinant cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system. Moreover, substrate binding is not required for the cytochrome P450s to generate reactive oxygen species.
Labels: MiParea: Instruments;methods