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Bioblasts - Richard Altmann and MiPArt by Odra Noel
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8-Hydroxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid trisodium salt (HPTS) is a ratiometric pH fluorophore; pKa = 7.3. Relative molecular mass: Mr = 524.39

Abbreviation: HPTS

Reference: Sigma: H1529-1G


Click to expand or collaps

HPTS with the NextGen-O2k

Stock solution

2 mM: 5.2 mg / 5 ml H2O


Blue: 0.5 mA, Intmax = 90 ms
UV: 5 mA, Intmax = 400 ms


  • X-003
  • Hanks mod, 37 °C
  • Chamber A plus pH electrode, chamber b standard stopper
  • Mode = 2
  • UV 5 mA, blue 0.23 mA
  • Excitation ratiometric with one common integration range: 520 - 560 nm
  • Int(max) (common) = 125 ms
  • HPTS 2 µL 2 mM stock: 2 µM
  • Titrations:
    • 3 x 2 µL NaOH 100 mM --> 3 x 0.2 mM
    • pH 6.7 --> 6.8 --> 6.9 --> 7.0
  • Deprotonated endpoint: 2x10 µL NaOH 100 mM: pH = 9.3
  • Protonated endpoint: 40 µL HCL 100 mM: pH = 6.0; + 10 µL HCl 100 mM: pH = 4.8, + 5 µL HCl: pH = 4.0: rapid decline in signal!
Calibration with internal electrode in same chamber (chamber A) works very well (pKa = 7.03, slope = 1.04). Chamber B was calibrated against the pH values measured in chamber A. The quality of this calibration (pKa = 7.09, slope = 1.17) is lower than of the calibration for chamber A as visible in the slope (should be 1.0 theoretically). However, this may be due to real pH differences in both chambers, e.g:, after the last calibration injection there was a pH drift detected by both fluorescence and pH electrode in chamber A, which was not seen in chamber B. Since chamber B was calibrated against the pH values measured in chamber A, differences in pH values would lead to an inferior calibration.

MF700 calib A.png MF700 calib B.png

pH-Plot: blue : left chamber, pH electrode; cyan: left chamber fluorescence; green: right chamber fluorescence

MF700 pH.PNG

The noise was studied for the pH plots. Due to limitations in the export function of DatLab digital noise is visible even in the fluorescence based plots. However, the lower noise calculated for the electrode data noise = 0.1 mpH, dominated by digital noise), showing that the calculated noise is still mainly derived form "real" noise and not an artifact of DatLab export. The noise (standard deviation) from the fluorescence signal for a stable 5 min period was between 0.2 and 0.3 mpH. These values are very close to those determined using 2 µM SNARF ([1]): 0.2 to 0.4 mpH. Considering that the conditions for HPTS could be further optimized but that on the other hand the noise determination with SNARF included a biological sample, it seems that the the noise at equal fluorophore concentrations and the currently used light intensities is comparable for SNARF and HPTS.
Considering the very similar performance, the toxicity of SNARF and HPTS should be compared to select a fluorophore.
Disadvantages HPTS
  • Requires UV excitation
  • At low currents (as used for HPTS) the efficiency differences between individual UV LEds are particular high. To achieve identical light intensities different currents should be selected for each LED. Therefore, it might be difficult to recommended a LED current for this application that is is good for all LEDs. Note: This problem is solved in O2k-Series H.
Advantages HPTS
  • Cheaper than SNARF
  • More stable (room temperature)

MitoPedia methods: Fluorometry